THE COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES

 

Monosyllabic adjectives are compared with -er, -est.

(Einsilbige Adjektive werden mit -er, -est gesteigert.)

positive

comparative

superlative

strong

stronger

strongest

small

smaller

smallest

late

later

latest

nice

nicer

nicest

big

bigger

biggest

thin

thinner

thinnest

fat

fatter

fattest

 

London is bigger than Vienna. (London ist größer als Wien.)

 

Disyllabic adjectives ending with y, er, ow, le are compared with -er, -est.

(Zweisilbige Adjektive auf y, er, ow, le werden mit -er, -est gesteigert.)

positive

comparative

superlative

easy

easier

easiest

happy

happier

happiest

clever

cleverer

cleverest

narrow

narrower

narrowest

 

Which is the easiest exercise? (Welche Übung ist am leichtesten?)

 

All the other adjectives are compared with more, most.

(Alle anderen Adjektive werden mit more, most gesteigert.)

positive

comparative

superlative

careful

more careful

most careful

expensive

more expensive

most expensive

difficult

more difficult

most difficult

tired

more tired

most tired

terrible

more terrible

most terrible

 

 

Which dress is more expensive?

Which dress is the most expensive?

(Welches Kleid ist teurer?)

(Welches Kleid ist am teuersten?)

 

Special adjectives can be compared with -er, -est or more, most.

(Manche Adjektive werden mit -er, -est oder mit more, most gesteigert.)

positive

comparative

superlative

clever

cleverer / more clever

cleverest / most clever

common

commoner / more common

commonest / most common

likely

likelier / more likely

likeliest / most likely

pleasant

pleasanter / more pleasant

pleasantest / most pleasant

polite

politer / more polite

politest / most polite

quiet

quieter / more quiet

quietest / most quiet

stupid stupider / more stupid stupidest / most stupid
sure surer / more sure surest / most sure
subtle subter / more subtle subtlest / most subtle

simple

simpler / more simple

simplest / most simple

 

Irregular forms

positive

comparative

superlative

good

better

best

bad

worse

worst

much

more

most

many

more

most

little

less

least

 

(not) as ... as - (nicht) genauso ... wie

Ann is as tall as Mary. (Anna ist genauso groß wie Maria.)

I think tomorrow it will be as hot as today. (Ich glaube, dass es morgen genauso heiß sein wird wie heute.)

This test was not as difficult as the last one. (Dieser Test war nicht genauso schwierig wie der letzte.)

 

EXERCISE 1

 

EXERCISE 2

 

EXERCISE 3

 

EXERCISE 4

 

EXERCISE 5

 

EXERCISE 6

 


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