THE COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES

Monosyllabic adjectives are compared with -er, -est.

(Einsilbige Adjektive werden mit -er, -est gesteigert.)

positive comparative superlative
strong stronger strongest
small smaller smallest
late later latest
nice nicer nicest
big bigger biggest
thin thinner thinnest
fat fatter fattest

 

London is bigger than Vienna. (London ist größer als Wien.)

Disyllabic adjectives ending with y, er, ow, le are compared with -er, -est.

(Zweisilbige Adjektive auf y, er, ow, le werden mit -er, -est gesteigert.)

positive comparative superlative
easy easier easiest
happy happier happiest
clever cleverer cleverest
narrow narrower narrowest

Which is the easiest exercise? (Welche Übung ist am leichtesten?)

All the other adjectives are compared with more, most.

(Alle anderen Adjektive werden mit more, most gesteigert.)

positive comparative superlative
careful more careful most careful
expensive more expensive most expensive
difficult more difficult most difficult
tired more tired most tired
terrible more terrible most terrible
   
Which dress is more expensive? Which dress is the most expensive?
(Welches Kleid ist teurer?) (Welches Kleid ist am teuersten?)

Special adjectives can be compared with -er, -est or more, most.

(Manche Adjektive werden mit -er, -est oder mit more, most gesteigert.)

positive comparative superlative
clever cleverer / more clever cleverest / most clever
common commoner / more common commonest / most common
likely likelier / more likely likeliest / most likely
pleasant pleasanter / more pleasant pleasantest / most pleasant
polite politer / more polite politest / most polite
quiet quieter / more quiet quietest / most quiet
stupid stupider / more stupid stupidest / most stupid
sure surer / more sure surest / most sure
subtle subter / more subtle subtlest / most subtle
simple simpler / more simple simplest / most simple

Irregular forms

positive comparative superlative
good better best
bad worse worst
much more most
many more most
little less least

(not) as ... as (nicht) genauso ... wie

Ann is as tall as Mary. (Anna ist genauso groß wie Maria.)
I think tomorrow it will be as hot as today. (Ich glaube, dass es morgen genauso heiß sein wird wie heute.)
This test was not as difficult as the last one. (Dieser Test war nicht genauso schwierig wie der letzte.)

 

BACK TO GRAMMAR EXPLANATIONS


Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Exercise 3 Exercise 4 Exercise 5 Exercise 6